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Quasi-ballistic and superdiffusive transport for impulsive solar particle events
Autori Autori: Trotta E. M., Zimbardo G.
Rivista Rivista: Astronomy and Astrophysics
    Volume n°: 530 Anno: 2011
Abstract Abstract: Context. The propagation of solar energetic particles encompasses a number of transport regimes, which goes from diffusive transport to scatter-free propagation. On the other hand, numerical simulations in the presence of magnetic turbulence, as well as the analysis of propagating particles accelerated at interplanetary shocks, show that superdiffusive regimes, which are intermediate between scatter free and diffusive propagation, can be found. Aims: In this work we study both proton and electron transport in order to understand whether both superdiffusive and ballistic propagation are indeed possible, at variance with the standard paradigm. Methods: We carry out an analysis of impulsive solar energetic particles (SEPs) events, for which the observed time profile of energetic particle fluxes represents the propagator of the corresponding transport equation. Time profiles are fitted by power laws. Assuming well-known forms of the particle propagator, with power-law asymptotic behaviour, we determine the transport regime of particle propagation from the time profiles. Results: Using data obtained from ACE and SoHO spacecraft, several proton and electron events that exhibit both superdiffusive and ballistic transport will be shown. When these anomalous regimes are found, no finite mean free path can be defined.